(CHO TAB KHEN ZAMBULING)
The first environmental economist (natural resource economist) hired by the World Bank in 1976. He actively engaged into creating a framework and the corresponding implementation instruments and practices to promote sustainable development in developing countries, specifically in the areas of fisheries, forestry, land management, sustainability, desertification and biodiversity as an example. He organized a world conference on Innovative Forms of Financing for Sustainable Development. He prepared and disseminated a number of proceedings on matters related to financing. More recently he has given public presentations on the economic diseases and the environment as well as issues related to making peace with the environment.
Dr. Alfredo Sfeir-Younis has made significant contributions to improve the understanding of the role that indigenous people and their knowledge play in sustainability and economic development. He has become increasingly involved in learning about the holistic views of the Mapuche, Maya, Kuna and Lakota peoples. He has prepared a proposal to create a Bank for Indigenous Peoples and his interest continues to focus on developing appropriate recognition of indigenous peoples wisdom and provide them with educational systems appropriate to their cultures.
At the World Bank, Dr. Sfeir-Younis held various key positions for nearly 29 years. His last position was Senior Advisor to the managing directors of the World Bank and the Institutional Focal Point on human rights. Previous to this position, from 1999 to 2003, he was the Director of the World Bank Office in Geneva, Switzerland, and The Special Representative to the United Nations and the World Trade Organization and, from 1996 to 1999, he was the World Bank Special Representative at the United Nations in New York. He regularly participated at the Commission of Human Rights as well as many international meetings on issues related to trade, globalization, indigenous rights, poverty, women and justice both in New York and Geneva.
Alfredo Sfeir-Younis is currently President and Founder of the Zambuling Institute for Human Transformation (ZIHT). One of the aims of the ZIHT is to create a grassroots world forum on human rights and human responsibilities and mainstream spirituality in public policy and business.
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Dr. Alfredo Sfeir-Younis Video Library
Dr. Alfredo Sfeir0Younis: Poverty Alleviation Solutions: should we look at 'micro' or 'macro' solutions?
Dr. Alfredo Sfeir-Younis Selected Publications
The following selection of publications of Dr. Alfredo Sfeir-Younis speak about his professional career (and personal/professional development) as technical expert, to international sustainable development policy advocate, to spiritual leader for a transformative inner and societal process. For additional list and citations click HERE.
World Bank Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development, Ismail Serageldin, and Andrew I. Yarrow. Effective Financing of Environmentally Sustainable Development Proceedings of the Third Annual World Bank Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1996.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo.1983. Economic Aspects of Soil Conservation in Less-developed Countries”. Water International. 8, no.2: 82-89.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. Soil Conservation in Developing Countries: A Background Report. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1985.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. Small-Scale Fisheries Development: A Challenge for the 1980s. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, Economics and Policy Division, Agriculture and Rural Development Department, 1980.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. Reconciliar la Economia Materialista con la Espiritualidad: El Gran Desafio del Nuevo Milenio. Universidad Bolivariana. Internet Resource: Universidad Bolivariana, 2004.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. Outline for Fishery Sector Studies and Projects. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, Economics and Policy Division, Agriculture and Rural Development Department, 1979.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. Multiobjective Formulation and Evaluation of Public Investments: A Model for Decision Making in Developing Countries. Thesis—University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1978.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. La Violation des Droits Humains Comme Determinant de la Pauvrete. Internet Resource: OAlster, 2004.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. Irrigation Water Charges and Cost Recovery Policies. A policy perspective. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, Economics and Policy Division, Agriculture and Rural Development Department, 1983.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. International Consultation "Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in the Development Activities of International Institutions" Organized in Cooperation with the High Council for International Cooperation (France), Monday, 7 May 2001: Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and Development Strategies: Human Rights Economics in International Relations: Background Paper. Geneva: UN, 2001.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. Energy in the Development of Agriculture: A Review of Issues. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, Economics and Policy Division, Agriculture and Rural Development Department, 1983.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. Educacion, Economia Ambiental y Espiritualidad. Bogota: Universidad de los Andes, 2009. http://res.uniandes.edu.co/view.php/590/1.php
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. Economic Aspects of Soil Conservation Programs in LDCs. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1982.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. Decision Making in Developing Countries: Mutltiobjective Formulation and Evaluation Methods. New York; London: Praeger, 1977.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. Compensation for Involuntary Resettlement of Rural Populations. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, Economics and Policy Division, Agriculture and Rural Development Department, 1980.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2008. “Pilares de Una Nueva Política Social para América Latina Hacia un Desarrollo Empoderado”. Divulg. Sude Debate. Library Setorial do Centro de Ciências da Saúde. 41, 92-110. http://bases.bireme.br/cgi-bin/wxislind.exe/iah/online/?IsisScript=iah/iah.xis&src=google&base=LILACS&lang=p&nextAction=lnk&exprSearch=490905&indexSearch=ID
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2007. “The Alfredo Sfeir-Younis Story”. Kosmos Journal. http://www.kosmosjournal.org/kjo/articles/articlessub2/peace-abundance.shtml
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2007. “Embracing Spiritual Economics”. Kosmos Journal. http://www.kosmosjournal.org/kjo/articles/articlessub2/spiritual-economics.shtml
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2006. “The External Effects of Modern Economics”. IV World Congress, Verbania, Italy. http://www.worldpeacecongress.net/en/2006/speakers/alfredo_sfeir_younis.htm
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2006. “Comunicación Moderna: Bien Colectivo”. El Mercurio. http://www.edicionesespeciales.elmercurio.com/destacadas/detalle/index.asp?idnoticia=0117052006021X0020003&idcuerpo=225
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2006. “Competitividad Económica y Competitividad Social”. La Nacion Chile. http://www.lanacion.cl/prontus_noticias/site/artic/20061102/pags/20061102211741.html
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2006. “A New Paradigm for Human Transformation: Respect For Nature, Solidarity and Shared Responsibility In The 21sst Century”. United Nations, Our Common Humanity in the Information Age Principles and Values for Development. New York, Global Alliance for ICT and Development. http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/gaid/unpan033389.pdf
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2006 “Human Rights Must Be a Consideration for economic Development Organizations”. Policy Innovations. http://www.policyinnovations.org/ideas/commentary/data/000002
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2005. “Reconciliar la Economia Materialista Con la Espiritualidad: El Gran Desafio del Nuevo Milenio”. Polis, Revista de la Universidad Bolivariana.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2005. “Humanity Has Another Option: Making Peace with the Environment”. Speech delivered in III World Congress. Verbania, Italy. http://www.worldpeacecongress.net/en/2005/speakers/alfredo.htm
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2004. “The Violation of Human Rights as a Determinant of Poverty”. International Social Science Journal. Volume 56, Issue 180. 321-325.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2004. “The Role of Civil Society in Foreign Policy: A New Conceptual Framework”. Seton Hall Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2004. “Desarrollo Sustenable, Democracia y Derechos Humanos: Evitemos un Fracaso Colectivo”. Ambiente y Desarrollo. Ano 20 no. 3 – Ano 21 no. 1. 12-21.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2004. "Violation of Human Rights Is a Threat to Human Security". Conflict, Security and Development. 4, no. 3: 383-396.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2004. "The Violation of Human Rights as a Determinant of Poverty". International Social Science Journal. 56, no. 180: 321-325. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0020-8701.2004.00494.x/abstract
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2002. "The Spiritual Entrepreneur". Reflections: The SoL Journal. 3, no. 3: 43-45.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2001. "The Role of International Financial Institutions. Preventing Violent Conflict: the Search for Political Will, Strategies and Effective Tools". Peace Research Abstracts. 38, no. 6: 756-960.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 1999. "Essay: Alfredo Sfeir-Younis on the Spiritual and Moral Dimensions of Development Assistance". UN Chronicle. 36, no. 1: 66.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 1999. "Economic Development and the Violation of Human Rights: the Case of Chile". Peace Research Abstracts. 36, no. 6.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 1996. "Special Report: A Brief Report on the Third Annual World Bank Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development". Marine Technology Society Journal. 30, no. 3: 27.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. “Volunteer Capital”. http://www.aafla.org/OlympicInformationCenter/OlympicReview/2001/OREXXVII42/OREXXVII42r.pdf
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. “Ten Spiritual Laws to Healing the World”. The Zambuling Institute for Human Transformation. http://www.silentpeacemeditation.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/tenspirituallawsenglis.pdf
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. “Ís Peace Another Utopia?”. http://www.themiracletimes.com/September-03/Alfredo/Alfredo.htm
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. “Hearing the Call”. http://silentpeacemeditation.expatagonia.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/hearing-the-call.pdf
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo, K. William Easter and John A. Dixon. Economic Policies and Watershed Management”. Watershed Resources Management: Studies from Asia and the Pacific. 71-79. Honolulu: East-West Center, 1986.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo, Andrew K. Dragun, and D. Peter Stonehouse. 1995. Land and Soil Management: Technology, Economics and Institutions. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 443, no. 1. 182.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo, and J McKenna. Studying Land Use Problems: An Outline. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, Economics and Policy Division, Agriculture and Rural Development Department, 1985.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo, and Graham Donaldson. Fishery. Sector policy paper. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1982.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo, and Daniel W. Bromley. Decision Making in Developing Countries: Multiobjective Formulation and Evaluation Methods. New York: Praeger, 1977.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo, and Daniel W. Bromley. Decision Making in Developing Countries. New York: Praeger, 1977.
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo, and Andrew K. Dragun. Land and Soil Management: Technology, Economics, and Institutions. Boulder: Westview Press, 1993.
Sfeir-Younis, Alferdo, Rachel Weaving. “Violation of Human Rights is a Threat to Human Security”. Security and Development: Investing in Peace and Prosperity.187-199. New York: Routledge, 2006.
Seitz, Wesley D., Alfredo Sfeir-Younis, and Andrew K. Dragun. 1995. "Review of Land and Soil Management: Technology, Economics, and Institutions". Land Economics. 71, no. 2: 269-271.
International Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development, Ismail Serageldin, and Alfredo Sfeir-Younis. Effective Financing of Environmentally Sustainable Development. Environmentally Sustainable Development Proceedings Series, no. 10. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1996.
Gutierrez, Roberto, Claudis Martines, and Alfredo Sfeir-Younis. Retos Para el Nuevo Milenio en America Latina : Desarrollo Sostenible, Competitividad y Reformas de Segunda Generacion. Santafe de Bogota: Tercer Mundo Ed., 1998.
Friedman, S, and Alfredo Sfeir-Younis. Economic Analysis of Multipurpose Water Projects. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, Economics and Policy Division, Agriculture and Rural Development Department, 1985.
Agricultural Sector Symposium, Jitendra Srivastava, and Harold Alderman. Agriculture and Environmental Challenges Proceedings of the Thirteenth Agricultural Sector Symposium. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1993. <http://www.worldbank.icebox.ingenta.com/content/wb/758>.
Dr. Alfredo Sfeir-Younis Speeches and Interviews
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2007. Interview with Alfredo Sfeir-Younis, Spiritual Economist.Bombarral, Portugal. http://www.oeste.tv/televisao/?v=MTg0
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2007. Alfredo discusses “Ten Step Program for World Peace” in an interview hosted by Alan Hunter and Mukti Ma. Transitions Radio. http://www.media21st.com/Alfredo_Sfeir-Younis/Alfredo_Sfeir-Younis.mp3
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2007. “A Meditation of Silence for World Peace”. Alfredo leads a meditation in Bombarral, Portugal. http://www.oeste.tv/televisao/?v=MTk0
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2006. “Living in a Global Neighborhood without Global Being: Human Transformation Through Love and Compassion”. Speech delivered at the National Event of the Sisters of Saint Joseph, Milwaukee. http://www.sistersofsaintjosephfederation.org/ASfeirYounisEvent2006.pdf
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2006. “Las Diez Leyes Espirituales Para La Sanación Del Mundo”. Speech and paper delivered at the annual conference of the Fundacion Lama Gangchen, Madrid, Spain. http://www.esquinamagica.com/articulos.php?idar=481&id1=44
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2004. Transcript: “’Revolution of Values’ Needed to Solve World Problems”. Budapest, annual conference of the World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations. http://silentpeacemeditation.expatagonia.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/world-peace-herald.htm
Sfeir-Younis, Alfredo. 2002. Statement by Alfredo Sfeir-Younis, Special Representative of the World Bank to the United Nations. Geneva, World Civil Society Forum
Quotations attributed to Dr. Alfredo Sfeir-Younis,
“Compassion must be understood as the human and spiritual capacity to become the other without losing ones own identity.”
“Economics must be driven by the values of peace, love, and compassion.”
“Healing the world is a condition for Global Peace.”
“Inner Peace is the Source of World Peace.”
“Let us give peace a chance. Perhaps this is the last time we have that choice without being exposed to massive conflict and despair. Time is of the essence.”
“Let us not spend time pointing fingers. The time has come to look inward, rather than outward, respecting all aspects of our lives. It is a time to embrace an honest and loving process of inner reflection.”
“One must embrace humanistic and spiritual values and move from market economics to spiritual economics, and love economics.”
“Peace and feminine energy are written on the skies of humanity with the same ink.”
“Silence is the Source of Self-Healing.”
“Spirituality is always about the other, it is about our collective self.”
“There is a perfect symmetry between the quality of the natural environment and our ability to step into higher levels of spiritual evolution. This is one reason the Saints and Sages live in more pristine environments.”
“To heal the world we must also heal ourselves. And healing others makes our own process of healing more effective and meaningful. Because we live in an interdependent world, if one person is hurting, we are all being affected.”
“To heal the world, humanity needs to go through a major revolution of values and a major process of human transformation.”